history Article

SOCIAL SCIENCE

CLASS X

MODIFIED HAND BOOK

2014

TERM I

Made by

NARAYANAN MANNANDI

The Indian School Bahrain

CONTENT

Chapters

No .

Webpage No .

TERM I

HISTORY

Chapter 5

The Age of Industrialization

2-10

Phase 5

Operate Life and Leisure

11-19

Chapter six

Print Culture and Contemporary World

20-32

OR

LOCATION

Chapter you

Resources and Development

34-42

Chapter 2

Forest & Wild existence

43-45

Chapter 3

Drinking water Resources

46-48

Chapter four

Agriculture

49-56

DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTAL POLICIES

Chapter 1

Power Sharing

58--60

Section 2

Federalism

61-66

Phase 3

Democracy and Diversity

67-69

Chapter 5

Gender, Faith and Caste

70-74

ECONOMICS

Chapter 1

Development

76-79

Chapter two

Sectors of Indian Overall economy

80-86

SAMPLE PAPERS

PRACTICE PAPERS

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Chapter your five THE AGE OF INDUSTRIALIZATION

1 . Clarify what is meant by proto-industrialization.

Even before factories began to mark the surroundings in England and Europe, there were largescale professional production for an international market. This was not based upon factories. A large number of historians make reference to this phase of industrialization as proto-industrialization. 2 . Describe the proto-industrial system.

we. Within this system, a close romance is designed between the community and the country. Merchants remained in cities but the function was carried out mostly in the countryside.

2. A vendor clothier in the uk purchased made of wool from a wool stapler, and transported it for the spinners; the yarn (thread) that was spun was taken in succeeding stages of production to weavers, fullers, and then to dyers.

iii. The completing was done in London prior to export merchant sold the cloth in the international marketplace. London the truth is came to be termed as a finishing centre. iv. This system was thus a part of a network of economic exchange. It was controlled by merchants and goods had been produced by a vast number of suppliers working with in their family farms, not in factories.

a few. What was the ‘Guild System'? Or What are trade guilds? These were groups of producers that trained craftspeople, managed control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of recent people in the trade. Rulers granted different guilds, the monopoly directly to produce and trade in specific goods.

4. Why did demands for products increase in the 18th and 19th centuries? What performed the vendors do to satisfy the increased demand?

i) With the expansion of universe trade and acquisition of colonies in different parts of the world the demands pertaining to goods began growing.

ii) The retailers from towns in The european union began moving to country, supplying funds to cowboys and merchants and persuaded them to generate for foreign market. your five. Why did seventeenth and 18th hundred years merchants via towns in Europe get started employing peasants and artisans within the towns? Or So why was it difficult for the modern merchants in Europe to set up business in towns? Or Why didn't want to the stores expand the production with in cities?

This was because crafts and trade guilds were strong in villages. These were organizations of producers that educated craftspeople, maintained control over development, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of recent people in the trade. Rulers granted diverse guilds the monopoly directly to produce and trade in specific products. Therefore , it had been difficult intended for the new merchants to set up organization in the cities. 6. Just how did proto-industrial production support peasant homeowners? By earning a living for the vendors, they could remain in the countryside and continue to develop their little plots. Income from proto-industrial production supplemented their downsizing income from cultivation. In addition, it allowed these people a richer use of their particular family labour resources.

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7. Brand any several pre-production processes in the textile manufacturing. Carding, twisting and spinning,...

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